Aly Youssef*, Elisa Montaguti*, Ginevra Salsi*, Olimpia Sanlorenzo*, Tullio Ghi*, Gianluigi Pilu*, Nicola Rizzo*
* Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sant’Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Italy
Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare a new technique for 3D ultrasound (3DUS) pelvic floor imaging, the Omniview-Volume
contrast imaging (Omniview-VCI, GE Healthcare) with the standard previously suggested 3D method in diagnosing levator ani muscle (LAM) avulsion.
Methods: We acquired a 3DUS transperineal volume from 106 symptomatic women referred to our center with urinary or prolapse symptoms. Each 3D dataset was saved anonymously and later randomly analyzed by means of the Omniview-VCI technique and of the rendering method (ROI) in order to asses if there was any LAM avulsion and if this damage was in bilateral, in the left or right side. Analysis of the stored volumes was performed offline by an operator who was blinded to all clinical data.
Results: The agreement in the diagnosis of levator avulsion between Omniview-VCI technique and rendered methods was 87,7%. In table 1 are reported the contingency table of volumes analyzed. In particular 32 volumes were judged to be without LAM avulsion, 8 with right, 7 with left and 45 with bilateral LAM avulsion by both methods used. On the contrary, 14 volumes reported conflicting results. The agreement yielded a Cohen’s kappa of 0.80 (95% CI, 0.71 to 0.89) with a P value <0.001.
Conclusions: Omniview-VCI is a reliable tool for the diagnosis of levator ani lesions.